Predisposing Risk Factors to Cervical Cancer — A predisposing risk factor denotes anything which has the possibility of changing your chances of getting a certain disease such as cervical cancer. Of course, different cancers posses various predisposing risk factors. For instance, exposing skin to excessively strong sunlight is one of many risk factors for skin cancer. On the other hand, smoking is the risk factor for a lot of traits of cancer. However, having a risk factor, or even a number of them, does not simply stipulate that you will get the disease. The most essential predisposing risk factor for cervical cancer is the infection incurred by the human papilloma virus, which is also known as HPV. Human papilloma virus infection is sexually transmitted infection on that factor can pose warts in the genital spot. In accordance with the National Cancer Institute, there are lots of researches which have evinced that HPV exerted changes, to some extent, in the cervical cells. This process takes place quite slowly and often go away on their own, particularly in younger women.
What are the Predisposing Risk Factors to Cervical Cancer?
HPV denotes a group of over 150 pertinent virus, some of which may cause a sort of growth that is called a papilloma, which are basically more widely known as warts. Some sorts of HPV are termed high-risk types since they are soundly related to cancers, which include cancer of vulva, cervix, and vagina in women, cancers of the anus, throat, mouth in both women and men, and penile cancers in men. The high-risk predisposing types include HPV 45, HPV 33, HPV, 31, HPV 18, and HPV 16, as well as some other traits of HPV. To some extent, there may be no glaring signs of infection which poses high-risk HPV pre-cancerous changes or cancer development. There are, however, some other predisposing risk factors, which apparently range from medical reasons to even economic ones, to cervical cancer that women have to be aware of.
Women that are used to smoking have about twice chance of getting cervical cancer than do those who are non-smokers. In this regard, smoking will cause the body to get exposed to a lot of cancers, which eventually causes chemicals which affect organs other than their lungs. A myriads of researches have corroborated that tobacco by-products have been found in the cervical mucus of women having smoking habit. It is thus believed that these particular substances can damage the DNA of cervix cells and are likely to support the development of cervical cancer. In addition, smoking can also make the immune system impotent in battling against HPV infections.
Human immunodeficiency virus, widely known as HIV, the virus which causes AIDS, can also create serious damage to the bodyÔÇÖs immune system and thus places women at even higher risks for HPV infections. This is indeed the apt explanation to why women with AIDS have higher risk of getting cervical cancer.
Chlamydia is relatively well-known sort of bacteria which can seriously infect the reproductive mechanism. It is usually spread by sexual intercourse. Chlamydia infection can contribute to the development of pelvic inflammation, which results in infertility. Some researchers have evidenced a higher risk of cervical cancer in women whose blood test results evince the evidence of current or even past chlamydia infection, compared to women that possess normal test results.
This may be another surprising findings of the predisposing risk factor to cervical cancer. Women whose dietary plan does not include sufficient fruits as well as veggies may be at also higher risk of getting cervical cancer. Overweight women are also more likely to develop adenocarcinoma of their cervix.
Oral Contraceptive, known as birth control pills
There is indeed some evidence claiming that taking oral contraceptives for a long term can increase the risk of getting cervical cancer. A number of researches have suggested that the risk gets even higher as women expand the use of the oral contraceptives, yet goes back down after they stop the pill. The American Cancer Society highly recommends that women should talk over with their doctor whether the advantages of using such contraceptives can outnumber the potential risks. In case more risks are apparent, then stopping oral contraceptive seems to be the best option.
Intrauterine device use
One of many recent studies has found that women that had ever used an intrauterine device, which is also known as IUD, had lower risk of cervical cancer. The effect of risk was deemed even in women that had an IUD for less than one year, and also the protective bearing remained after the IUDs were replaced or removed.
Various Full-Term Pregnancies
Women that have had three or even more full-term pregnancies have a higher risk of developing cervical cancer. The bad news is that no one really is aware of why this is true.
Young age at first Full-Term Pregnancy
Women that were younger than seventeen years old when they experienced their first full-term pregnancy are actually two times more likely to have the possibility of getting cervical cancer later in the life than do women that waited for their pregnancy up until they were twenty five years or older.
Poverty somehow has also contributed to higher risk of cervical cancer. A lot of women with lower incomes are apparently not up for the access to sufficient health care services, which includes Pap tests. This means that they may not get treated or even screened for cervical pre-cancers.
DES denotes a hormonal drug which was basically prescribed between the 40s and 70s for some women considered to be at higher risk for miscarriages. Women whose mothers took DES when they are pregnant with them, developed clear-cell adenocarcinoma of their cervix of vagina more often than would usually be expected. This sort of cancer is so rare in non-DES exposed women. In addition there is approximately one case of this kind of cancer in every a thousand women whose mothers took DES during their pregnancy. This indicates that about 99.9% of ÔÇ£DES-born daughtersÔÇØ will not develop these cancers.
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